Like most people these days, you’re busy. There are meetings to attend, food shopping to do, and laundry that is begging for you to wash it. You’re going about your day when all of a sudden, there is a familiar pain at the back of your throat. Immediately, you begin to panic because you don’t have time to be sick! You’ve been taking care of your health, so how could you have a sore throat? Well, here are the top 8 causes of a sore throat.
- The Common Cold or Flu
They are one of the biggest causes of a sore throat because the common cold and the flu are viral infections that affect the throat. These two causes will appear mostly around the Fall and Winter months, but they can also occur in the Spring and Summer.
The “kissing disease” is another viral infection that can cause a sore throat. Although it’s more likely to occur in adolescents and young adults because they haven’t built up the antibodies against the Epstein-Barr virus that causes mono.
- Strep Throat
This infection is bacterial and can be caused by airborne Streptococcal bacteria. It is important to cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing, and wash your hands frequently if you do have strep because it is highly contagious.
If you suffer from pet dander, mold, dust, or pollen allergies, then you might be experiencing a sore throat because of that. Your immune systems may identify certain allergens as “harmful” to the body, even when they are not. When you come in contact with these allergens, your immune system reacts by causing inflammation of the skin, sinuses, airways, or digestive system.
During the Winter, your heated house might cause the air to become dry. You may experience a scratchy or sore throat as a result of the dryness, especially in the morning when you first wake up. Also, if you have chronic nasal congestion that causes you to breath through your mouth, it could cause a dry, sore throat.
Outdoor and indoor air pollution, like tobacco smoke or chemicals, can cause chronic sore throat. Irritants such as chewing tobacco, alcohol, or spicy food can also affect the throat and cause it to feel sore.
- Muscle Strain
Just like your arms and legs, there are also muscles in your throat. If you are yelling or trying to talk to someone in a noisy environment, you could strain those muscles and cause your throat to become hoarse or sore.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic digestive disease. It occurs when stomach acid or, occasionally, the contents of the stomach, flow backwards and gets into your esophagus (food pipe). The backwash, known as reflux, can irritate the lining of your esophagus and cause your sore throat.